The Israelites murmur for water at Rephidim, God sendeth it out of the rock. (Verse 1-7.)
Amalek overcome, The prayers of Moses. (Verse 8-16.)
1 And all the congregation of the children of Israel journeyed from the wilderness of Sin, after their journeys, according to the commandment of the LORD, and pitched in Rephidim: and there was no water for the people to drink.
2 Wherefore the people did chide with Moses, and said, Give us water that we may drink. And Moses said unto them, Why chide ye with me? wherefore do ye tempt the LORD?
[Exod 17:7, Num 21:7, 1st Cor 10:9]
[chide – to quarrel]
3 And the people thirsted there for water; and the people murmured against Moses, and said, Wherefore is this that thou hast brought us up out of Egypt, to kill us and our children and our cattle with thirst?
4 And Moses cried unto the LORD, saying, What shall I do unto this people? they be almost ready to stone me.
5 And the LORD said unto Moses, Go on before the people, and take with thee of the elders of Israel; and thy rod, wherewith thou smotest the river, take in thine hand, and go.
6 Behold, I will stand before thee there upon the rock in Horeb; and thou shalt smite the rock, and there shall come water out of it, that the people may drink. And Moses did so in the sight of the elders of Israel.
[Num 20:11, Psa 78:15, John 4:10, John 7:37, 1st Cor 10:4, Rev 22:17]
7 And he called the name of the place Massah, and Meribah, because of the chiding of the children of Israel, and because they tempted the LORD, saying, Is the LORD among us, or not?
[Exod 17:2, Num 21:7, 1st Cor 10:9]
Water was something they were going to need on a daily basis, even more so than food and God could handle this seemingly massive problem the same way he handled their hunger, by showing forth his power in a miraculous way.
1 Corinthians 10:4 mentions the water that came from the Rock, “and that Rock was Christ“ Paul said.
Christ can make water appear from a rock to supply the need of a thirsting nation in the wilderness and he can help you with whatever problem you have going on, just don’t be like Israel, murmuring against the Lord all the time when they didn’t see the answer at the first sign of trouble.
8 Then came Amalek, and fought with Israel in Rephidim.
[Gen 36:12, Num 24:20, Deut 25:17, 1st Sam 15:2]
9 And Moses said unto Joshua, Choose us out men, and go out, fight with Amalek: to morrow I will stand on the top of the hill with the rod of God in mine hand.
10 So Joshua did as Moses had said to him, and fought with Amalek: and Moses, Aaron, and Hur went up to the top of the hill.
11 And it came to pass, when Moses held up his hand, that Israel prevailed: and when he let down his hand, Amalek prevailed.
12 But Moses’ hands were heavy; and they took a stone, and put it under him, and he sat thereon; and Aaron and Hur stayed up his hands, the one on the one side, and the other on the other side; and his hands were steady until the going down of the sun.
13 And Joshua discomfited Amalek and his people with the edge of the sword.
14 And the LORD said unto Moses, Write this for a memorial in a book, and rehearse it in the ears of Joshua: for I will utterly put out the remembrance of Amalek from under heaven.
15 And Moses built an altar, and called the name of it Jehovahnissi:
16 For he said, Because the LORD hath sworn that the LORD will have war with Amalek from generation to generation.
Amalek started the fight by attacking the rear of their formation as they marched towards their destination, so they could kill the old, and the weak that were lagging behind.
Most of the time the strongest fighters would be out in front of a formation and that is probably were Joshua was with his best fighters when Amalek attacked without any warning. This story can be found in Deuteronomy 25:17-19.
There was no coincidence going on with Moses keeping his arms lifted. The men of Israel would see Moses and that would cause them to fight on.
It was God aiding the children of Israel as long as Moses was lifting up the rod of God that was used to smite the waters earlier.
Leave my miracles alone liberals and quit trying to explain God out every story. Notice that it said at the end of verse six that God said that He would have war with Amalek from generation to generation. How is that possible?
Amalek died but the spirit behind Amalek would raise his ugly head up against Israel every chance he could because Satan does not want Israel in the land where God will one day establish his kingdom, so he fights against God’s people using others that will do his bidding, such as Amalek.
Commentary by Matthew Henry, 1710.
Verse 1-7 – The children of Israel journeyed according to the commandment of the Lord, led by the pillar of cloud and fire, yet they came to a place where there was no water for them to drink. We may be in the way of duty, yet may meet with troubles, which Providence brings us into, for the trial of our faith, and that God may be glorified in our relief. They began to question whether God was with them or not. This is called their “tempting God,” which signifies distrust of him after they had received such proofs of his power and goodness. Moses mildly answered them. It is folly to answer passion with passion; that makes bad worse. God graciously appeared to help them. How wonderful the patience and forbearance of God toward provoking sinners! That he might show his power as well as his pity, and make it a miracle of mercy, he gave them water out of a rock. God can open fountains for us where we least expect them. Those who, in this wilderness, keep to God’s way, may trust him to provide for them. Also, let this direct us to depend on Christ’s grace. The apostle says, that Rock was Christ, 1st Corinthians 10:4,. it was a type of him. While the curse of God might justly have been executed upon our guilty souls, behold the Son of God is smitten for us. Let us ask and receive. There was a constant, abundant supply of this water. Numerous as believers are, the supply of the Spirit of Christ is enough for all. The water flowed from the rock in streams to refresh the wilderness, and attended them on their way towards Canaan; and this water flows from Christ, through the ordinances, in the barren wilderness of this world, to refresh our souls, until we come to glory. A new name was given to the place, in remembrance, not of the mercy of their supply, but of the sin of their murmuring: “Massah,” Temptation, because they tempted God; “Meribah,” Strife, because they chid with Moses. Sin leaves a blot upon the name.
Verse 8-16 – Israel engaged with Amalek in their own necessary defence. God makes his people able, and calls them to various services for the good of his church. Joshua fights, Moses prays, both minister to Israel. The rod was held up, as the banner to encourage the soldiers. Also to God, by way of appeal to him. Moses was tired. The strongest arm will fail with being long held out; it is God only whose hand is stretched out still. We do not find that Joshua’s hands were heavy in fighting, but Moses’ hands were heavy in praying; the more spiritual any service is, the more apt we are to fail and flag in it. To convince Israel that the hand of Moses, whom they had been chiding, did more for their safety than their own hands, his rod than their sword, the success rises and falls as Moses lifts up or lets down his hands. The church’s cause is more or less successful, as her friends are more or less strong in faith, and fervent in prayer. Moses, the man of God, is glad of help. We should not be shy, either of asking help from others, or of giving help to others. The hands of Moses being thus stayed, were steady till the going down of the sun. It was great encouragement to the people to see Joshua before them in the field of battle, and Moses above them on the hill. Christ is both to us; our Joshua, the Captain of our salvation, who fights our battles, and our Moses, who ever lives, making intercession above, that our faith fail not. Weapons formed against God’s Israel cannot prosper long, and shall be broken at last. Moses must write what had been done, what Amalek had done against Israel; write their bitter hatred; write their cruel attempts; let them never be forgotten, nor what God had done for Israel in saving them from Amalek. Write what should be done; that in process of time Amalek should be totally ruined and rooted out. Amalek’s destruction was typical of the destruction of all the enemies of Christ and his kingdom.